Remote Direct Extruder
The extruding mechanism is fully functional and easy to adapt to all sorts of 3d printers. It delivers high torque resulting from a 1:25 reduction gear-set. You can download all necessary parts here.New development can be found on my blog.
I present a solution, that combines the principles of Direct-Drive and the Bowden Extruder of a regular 3D Printer. The project is open-source. All files are available for download below. All parts of the BOM are bulk goods, publicly available. You need a 3D-Printer and a screw-driver for the assembly. The presented solution gives a reliable way of printing direct, without a stepper motor on the extruder carriage. A flexible drive shaft is used to transfer the rotational movement of the stepper motor to the carriage. A worm gear reduces the rotational movement by 1:25 and a threaded gear converts the rotational movement in a linear motion, which drives the filament through the extruder underneath the gearbox.
Notes on the project
Drive shafts do not work exact. The drive shaft in the project has a translation shift twist of ± 45 percent. This is why its not recommended to drive your 3d printer directly with the drive shaft. I use a 1:25 reduction gear to eliminate the error. The setup works exact and reliable with this twist. The design of the gearbox itself is modular. The gearbox can be mounted on any other carriage by integrating the two nobs on the bottom side.
Notes on the print
The gearbox is designed to be lightweight and easy to print. You will need to use support material on the outside of the parts of the gearbox. The inside has to stay free of support material, because otherwise the remains of the removed support will interfere with the fit of bearings.
I tried to do a good job at the costs of the parts. All parts are manufactured in china and are available for a reasonable price at multiple stores or can be printed via FDM.
I recommend a step-up gearbox for the stepper motor of the extruder for high printing speeds. This feature will enable faster retraction speeds. OCD3D designed a printable solution here 
hypercube evo / hypercube carriage (You can design your own version of the carriage with the .step-file in the download section) suitable for both common filament diameters (1.75mm and 2.85mm)
worm gear reduction, see 
E3D V6 Hotend
604 bearing (x2), see 
695 bearing (x3), see 
flexible drive shaft 4mm diameter 
mk8 threaded gear (the next version will support the original mk7 too)
M3 Screws and Nuts
M4x16 Screw (x2)
Screw of Heatbed 
front and back-panel of the gearbox
carriage with distance holder for the BLTOUCH Proximity Sensor
 you can find it on a variety of online stores
The Project is under the Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License. This means you are free to copy the model or adapt it for non-commercial purposes.