The 00str00der2 is a bearing-free, belt-driven, gear-based, open-source extruder design intended for RepRap 3D Printers. It uses a precision linear-drive system to drive a knurled or hobbed bolt (or similar drive that grips filament/material), which in turn supplies filament to a nozzle used for 3D printing. The 00str00der2 is created by Free Beachler, creator and owner of Longevity Software LLC d.b.a. Terawatt Industries. Based on the original 00str00der (version 1.3), it is entirely bearing-free, with a smaller bushing-based drive system; and is reinforced, redesigned, and re-coded.
- 1 Summary
- 2 Background
- 3 Mechanical Construction
- 3.1 Materials
- 3.2 00str00der2 Idler Roller
- 3.3 M6 Knurled Bolt
- 3.4 3D CAD Files
- 3.5 Assembly instructions
- 3.6 Upgrade/Retrofit
- 3.7 Version History
- 3.8 Optional Parts
- 4 Extruder Calibration
- 5 Stepper Driver
00str00der2 is a work in progress.
The 00str00der2 is version 2 of the 00str00der belt-driven extruder.
The 00str00der was originally conceived and designed in 2012. It is perhaps the most versatile and reliable extruder available on the market today. It offers an ultra-long-life design with GT2 pulleys and belts, and supports direct-drive and Bowden configurations. The design has been revised several times and proven in the field by Terawatt Industries and Reprap users. Now it is almost 2015 and it is time for major upgrades offered by 00str00der2.
The original 00str00der has been revised several times by Terawatt Industries and has been proven in the field. A few issues have emerged:
- Stress on the extruder tower (upper block) can cause breakage. It must be printed 100% solid.
- Heat from hotend (direct-drive configuration) causes lubricants from bearings to drain. This drained lube may contribute to random hotend problems. The bearings wear faster than they would when cooler.
- Wobble on the hobbed bolt. Corrected in version 1.3
00str00der v2 attempts to address these issues and more in a bid for the perfect open source extruder design!
The 00str00der2 is designed from the ground up. It looks similar to the original 00str00der, and it shares some of the original code, but overall this is a new/original design with nearly all original code and concepts. I spent a long time trying to think of a tower design that wasn't like the original, but ultimately I came back to the rectangle-shaped tower.
There is no quick-release for the idler, again. I recently heard that Makerbot had filed a patent in 2014 alleging ownership over that seemingly open-source design, but no matter. I never intended a quick-release because the Greg's-style design -- apparently the patented one -- has never worked for me: it wears out and breaks the plastic, full stop, in all my experiences so far, which do not specifically include the patented design (disclaimer). Anyway I was thinking of something radically different for a quick-release - something derived from a bicycle quick-release for wheels, seat post, etc - if it ever happens it will probably be something quite different from the patent and quite clearly open-source, i.e. published here and Github or similar. This design will always be 100% open source.
Major improvements in this design include:
- Lube-free, bearing-free design
- M6 acetal bushings
- M6 knurled bolt
- M6 idler bolt
- Custom idler for 00str00der
- Reinforced extruder base, tower, and motor mount
- Same belt-driven design as original 00str00der
- Increased motor adjustment freedom for belt tensioning
TBD Assembly instructions will be similar to the original 00str00der, with a similar BOM, but M6 instead of M8. Idler roller assembly will be quite different though.
Some instructions for idler roller assembly are provided in order to provide open source protection for this design.
TBD - 4x M6 self-aligning acetal bushings with flange, or non-self-align - 1x M6 knurled bolt - 1x M6 idler bolt - 1x 00str00der2 idler roller - 2x M3x12mm(?) socket cap screws for NEMA17 motor, with washers and lock washers - TBD M4 mounting hardware
00str00der2 Idler Roller
The 00str00der2 introduces the concept of a custom idler roller for 3D printing. It's time is overdue, but this also presents significant acceptance and manufacturing challenges. To address this, the design and manufacturing process of the idler roller and idler bolt _must_ be 100% open source.
The idler roller is already designed in OpenSCAD but it is a WIP. Open source manufacturing instructions are TBD.
The idler roller is made from brass, aluminum, or steel, in order of preference. It is approximately 20mm in diameter and 5mm thick. It is knurled and grooved, with a smooth <1mm groove, thus creating a smooth trough and rough saddle. The groove can be any shape, can be smooth, completely rough, or partially smooth and/or rough. The idler roller has a 12mm bore which accommodates a teflon or acetal/delrin bushing with ~12mm diameter and ~5mm thickness. The teflon bushing has a 6mm bore for an M6 bolt. The teflon bushing is also manufactured with a pair of teflon washers that are assembled on either side of the bushing.
The M6 bolt is fully threaded. One set of metal M6 washer, M6 nut, and M6 jam nut are assembled on each side of the teflon washers, with metal washers next to teflon washers, then tightened to hand. The bolt assemble (with roller) is inserted into a slot in the idler and affixed with nuts on either side of the idler.
M6 Knurled Bolt
00str00der2 is designed for an M6 knurled bolt. The bolt has excellent grip and is lighter than the M8 counterpart. Perhaps someday we will design an M8 variant or go back to M8 but first we'll see how M6 does in the field.
The M6 knurled bolt is not necessarily precise, but it typically is within the M6 diameter by +/-0.2mm(?).
The 00str00der tower and idler have been completely redesigned. Reinforcements have been added to the design everywhere while attempting to maintain a similar form factor. We do not know if 100% solid infill is required yet, it might not be with a thick shell and hollow inside.
See Terawatt's 00str00der Github repo for slicing instructions.
|1||extruder idler block|
|1||adapter plate||optional - for mounting to www.thingiverse.com/thing:18657 - not needed for Sheliak X-Carriage|
- 60T GT2 pulley w/6mm bore - 16T GT2 pulley w/5mm bore - 90T GT2 belt w/2mm spacing - NEMA17 stepper motor - J-head hotend (for direct-drive) - (optional) Press-to-fit connector (for Bowden) - M4 mounting hardware (TBD)
3D CAD Files
The OpenSCAD files have been completely overhauled. Most are coded from scratch. Only two have been revised from the original version, 00functions.scad and 00configuration.scad.
Backwards compatibility was abandoned on this design long ago, and the new drive system is very different. The only parts that can be kept are the motor, small pulley, and some M4/M3 mounting hardware. The rest will have to be obtained separately.
00str00der2 will support the same press-to-fit connectors as the original 00str00der. It will also support a right-angle mounting setup for Bowden just like the original. This is all WIP.
JK Adapter Plate
The adapter plate is based on the version 1.3 mountplate. It is a WIP and will be revised for modified mount hole and hotend positions.
The 00dapter can still be used in v2 for a modified setup with the budaschnozzle.
Terawatt Industries has created the 00str00der Configurator which calculates the steps-per-mm for you. To use the 00str00der Configurator open a web browser to http://store.terawattindustries.com/00config.
The procedure to calibrate the 00str00der is as follows:
- Measure the O.D. of the knurled (hobbed) area of the M6 hobbed bolt, preferably with digital calipers. The exact OD will depend on things like manufacturer and batch. If the bolt is knurled then its diameter will typically be very close to the diameter of an M6 bolt ~= 6mm.
- Calculate the gear ratio between small and larger gear.
- Find the step angle for the motor - most common NEMA17 motors are 200 steps per revolution.
- Find the microstepping value supported by your stepper drivers. This usually depends on brand of driver and type of control electronics.
- Use the following formula:
steps_per_mm = (gear_ratio / (hobbed_bolt_OD * Pi)) * ((360 / motor_step_size) * (1 / driver_microstepping))
- A hobbed bolt where the knurled bolt measures 7.52mm in outer-diameter (O.D.)
- The gear ratio for a 17-to-65-tooth gear system is ~3.8235. In other words, ~3.8235 revolutions of the smaller gear equal one revolution of the larger gear.
- NEMA17 motors are common with 1.8 step angle and RAMPS 1.4 with pololu drivers supports 1/16 microstepping.
steps_per_mm = (3.8235 / (7.52 * 3.1416)) * ((360 / 1.8) * (1 / 1/16)) = 517.8957 ~= 517.9
You can use community-tested electronics to drive this extruder.