SinapTec

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SinapTec
Version specific info
SinapTec AT328.02 | SinapTec AT328.01


SinapTec AT328.02 is a 3D FDM printer controller board of very low cost, its operation is based on an Arduino Nano or CHIP running a version of Teacup Firmware. The board layout is designed so that it can be manufactured by any hobbyist, it is a simple face plate with through-hole components.


Crystal Clear action run.png
SinapTec AT328.02

Release status: Working

SinapTec AT328.02 - Foto.jpg
Description SinapTec AT328.02

3d printer controller board based on Arduino Nano.

License GPL
Author SinapTec
Contributors
Based-on RAMPS_1.4
Categories Electronics
CAD Models PCB (Eagle)
External Link


Contents

Summary

  • 1 Arduino Nano socket.
  • 4 Pololu sockets (X,Y,Z and E)
  • 3 Line in for X_MIN, Y_MIN and Z_MIN endstops.
  • 2 Line in for Hotend and heated bed sensors.
  • 3 Mosfets outputs for Heater, Fan and Bed (this last with independent power supply).

Image Gallery

Extra Files

Firmware TeaCup_-_CoreXY: (outdated, use Teacup Firmware#Simple Installation)

File:Sinaptec.zip [[Sinaptec 2017)]

PCB diagram for transfer toner

Gcode for drilling CNC:

Gcode for PCB CNC Milling:

Board schema in color pdf

Electronics layout in black and white

Bill of Materials (BOM), English

Number Item Description
3 MOSFET N-Channel MOSFET IRFZ44N-IR 50A 60V TO-220
3 1/4W Resistor, Carbon CARBON RESISTOR 1/4W 5% 10ohm
3 1/4W Resistor, Carbon CARBON RESISTOR 1/4W 5% 100kohm
4 1/4W Resistor, Carbon CARBON RESISTOR 1/4W 5% 1.8kohm

for LEDs

2 1/4W Resistor, Carbon CARBON RESISTOR 1/4W 5% 4.7kohm
3 LED LED 3MM STANDARD RED 8MCD 60°
1 LED LED 3MM STANDARD GREEN 8MCD 60
1 DIODE 1N4007 DIODE RECTIFIER 1A 1000V
2 CAPACITOR ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR 10uF 50V RADIAL (5 X 11 MM)
4 CAPACITOR ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR 470uF 16V RADIAL (8 X 14MM)
2 CAPACITOR CERAMIC CAPACITOR 100nF 50V
1 VOLTAGE REGULATOR LM7805 5V 1.5A T0-220
5 SCREW TERMINAL Screw Terminal 2P (2 hole) 5mm 8A 300VAC
12 JUMPERS MINI JUMPER 6.5MM
1 HEADER PIN Pin Header 1x40 Male 2.54 mm
3 HEADER PIN Pin Header 1x40 Female 2.54 mm

Octopart, TEST ONLY

Board Connection Diagram Pin Out

SinapTec vAT328-02 Connection Diagram.png

Warnings

Reversing +/- or otherwise incorrectly connecting power can destroy your electronics and cause fire hazard.

Incorrectly inserting stepper drivers will destroy your electronics and cause a fire risk. Always make sure power and USB is disconnected when removing or adjusting stepper drivers. Always make sure to insert drivers in correct orientation and in the socket correctly.

The endstop pins are Signal - GND - VCC, instead of the VCC - Sig - GND like the rest of RepRaps boards. Make sure to wire them correctly. This is done to allow squeezing fatter traces on the printable board.

DON'T secure SinapTec AT328.02 with conductive screws through both mounting holes. The screw may cut into the positive trace creating a HIGH current short.


Best Practices

A best practice is a technique or methodology that, through experience and research, has proven to reliably lead to a desired result.

Use a more rugged choice of MOSFET. Use a suitable high power fuse to the hot-end and the heated bed. A cooling fan is recommended

Development

Ruggedisation

Make the board more resistant to extreme situations: Electrics Climate Salt water Misuse/human error/poor handling

Usage environment: Offshore, on a ship or a vessel

  • Active cooling over the electronics with a 80mm cooler is recommended.


12v 80mm Cooler
80mm Cooler.jpg
  • To avoid overheating or the use of heatsink is recommended to change the hotbed's mosfet for one of better quality, such as a IRLB3034, IRLB8743, or similar.


  • It higly recommended to place a fuse on power input of 5A and 10A (or 11A to match RAMPS) for the bed.
ATO / ATC Fuse Cartridge Fuse
Fusible1.jpg
Fusible2.jpg


Drivers Characteristics and Configuration

The following table compares the DRV8825 vs A4988 driver that can be used on this board.

A4988 - DRV8825
A4988 DRV8825
Availability very widely available widely available
Approx. price $6.80 / 5 pieces $10 / 5 pieces
Max. theoretical current 2A 2.5A
Max. microsteps 16 32
PCB color Green / Red Purple
Stepper current adjust. trimpot Yes, near Dir pin Yes, near En pin
Typical Rs value 0.05 Ohm or
0.1 Ohm or
0.2 Ohm
0.1 Ohm
Vref formula (*) I_TripMax= Vref/(8*Rs) I_TripMax= Vref/(5*Rs)
Thermal Overload Protection (**) Yes Yes
PCB layers 2 4
Small heatsink included (***) Almost always Sometimes not
Active cooling required? Recommended Recommended
IC packaging 5x5mm 28-lead QFN 9.7x6.4mm 28HTSSOP

Note that some important technical characteristics from the respective datasheets of the ICs are not directly comparable. For example, the DRV8825 is fully specified in terms of thermal characteristics, the A4988 is not. Another important characteristic that unfortunately is not directly comparable is RDSon, which is specified at different current levels in the respective IC datasheets.


(*) Adjusting the stepper driver current

See these instructions: Pololu_stepper_driver_board#Tuning_motor_current.

(**) Temperature Overload Protection

It is very important to keep the stepper driver ICs below a certain temperature during printing, since both ICs feature thermal overload protection that when triggered (typically when the die reaches a temperature of around 150~160 C), shuts down the output stages i.e. halts all commands to the affected stepper and in doing so, ruins the part being printed.

(***) Heatsinks

It is not yet determined how much of a real impact the small aluminum heatsinks have on cooling the ICs, as both stepper driver ICs depend much more on proper PCB layout and solder pad contact (as well as proper airflow, remember!) for heat dissipation, rather than on dissipation through the top of the IC package. This is because both stepper driver ICs have an exposed metal pad under the chip that contacts the PCB and this is the "path of least resistance" for heat dissipation. The secondary path for heat dissipation is through the package leads and in this aspect the DRV8825 provides for possibly slightly better power dissipation compared to the leadless A4988. It is my understanding that dissipation through the top of the ICs is almost irrelevant here.

Build Instructions

Parts layout Parts layout v2

Teacup firmware: config.SinapTec-vAT328-02.h (outdated, use Teacup Firmware#Simple Installation)

Jumpers Configuration

A4988 DRV8825
Jumper 1 Jumper 2 Jumper 3 Microstep

Resolution

Jumper 1 Jumper 2 Jumper 3 Microstep

Resolution

No No No Full Step No No No Full Step
Yes No No Half Step Yes No No Half Step
No Yes No 1/4 Step No Yes No 1/4 Step
Yes Yes No 1/8 Step Yes Yes No 1/8 Step
Yes Yes Yes 1/16 Step No No Yes 1/16 Step
--- --- --- --- Yes No Yes 1/32 Step
--- --- --- --- No Yes Yes 1/32 Step
--- --- --- --- Yes Yes Yes 1/32 Step
Notes: 
*Jumpers need to be installed under each stepper driver.
*1/16 Microstep Resolution is the default thats being used.

Datasheets

External Links

Development forum

WIKI Firmware page

SinapTec's Blog